Data for: A de novo chromosome-level genome assembly of Coregonus sp. "Balchen": one representative of the Swiss Alpine whitefish radiation

Salmonids are of particular interest to evolutionary biologists due to their incredible diversity of life-history strategies and the speed at which many salmonid species have diversified. In Switzerland alone, over 30 species of Alpine whitefish from the subfamily Coregoninae have evolved since the last glacial maximum, with species exhibiting a diverse range of morphological and behavioural phenotypes. This, combined with the whole genome duplication which occurred in the ancestor of all salmonids, makes the Alpine whitefish radiation a particularly interesting system in which to study the genetic basis of adaptation and speciation and the impacts of ploidy changes and subsequent rediploidization on genome evolution. Although well curated genome assemblies exist for many species within Salmonidae, genomic resources for the subfamily Coregoninae are lacking. To assemble a whitefish reference genome, we carried out PacBio sequencing from one wild-caught Coregonus sp. "Balchen" from Lake Thun to ~90x coverage. PacBio reads were assembled independently using three different assemblers, Falcon, Canu and wtdbg2 and subsequently scaffolded with additional Hi-C data. All three assemblies were highly contiguous, had strong synteny to a previously published Coregonus linkage map, and when mapping additional short-read data to each of the assemblies, coverage was fairly even across most chromosome-scale scaffolds. Here, we present the first de novo genome assembly for the Salmonid subfamily Coregoninae. The final 2.2 Gb wtdbg2 assembly included 40 scaffolds, an N50 of 51.9 Mb, and was 93.3% complete for BUSCOs. The assembly consisted of ~52% TEs and contained 44,525 genes.

Data and Resources


This Data Package

De-Kayne, R., Zoller, S., & Feulner, P. G. D. (2021). Data for: A de novo chromosome-level genome assembly of Coregonus sp. "Balchen": one representative of the Swiss Alpine whitefish radiation (Version 1.0) [Data set]. Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology.

The associated article

De‐Kayne, R., Zoller, S., & Feulner, P. G. D. (2020). A de novo chromosome‐level genome assembly of Coregonus sp. “ Balchen ”: One representative of the Swiss Alpine whitefish radiation. Molecular Ecology Resources, 20(4), 1093–1109.


Open Data Open Data
  • De-Kayne, Rishi
  • Zoller, Stefan
  • Feulner, Philine G.D.
Keywords Alpine whitefish,Coregonus,genome assembly,salmonida,whitefish
Taxa (scientific names)
  • Coregonus
Organisms (generic terms)
  • whitefish
  • Lake
  • 2019 TO 2020
Geographic Name(s)
  • Lake Thun
Review Level none
Curator Feulner, Philine
DOI 10.25678/00034T